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What does swap mean in forex?

Posted By Josesv 8 days ago @ 9:19 PM
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Posted Sunday December 03 2017
In Forex, what does swap mean in forex? when you keep a position open through the end of the trading day, you will either be paid or charged interest on that position, depending on the underlying interest rates of the two currencies in the pair. In the examples below, we'll show you how to calculate the amount that will be credited or charged, factoring in only the interest rates and the broker's commission, but in reality, the "storage" for holding a position overnight may depend on a variety of factors:
  • The current interest rates in the two countries
  • The price movement of the currency pair
  • The behavior of the forward market
  • The dealer's expectations
  • The swap points of the broker's counterparty

Here's what we mean when we say storage depends on interest rates:

Let's say that the interest rate of the European Central Bank (ECB) is 4.25% and the Fed (US) interest rate is 3.5%. You open a short position (Sell) on EURUSD for 1 lot. Here, you are essentially selling 100,000 EUR, borrowing at a rate of 4.25%. In selling EURUSD, you are buying US Dollars, which earn interest at a rate of 3.5%. When the interest rate of the country whose currency you are buying is more than the interest rate of the country whose currency you are selling, storage will be added to your trading account (this may not always hold true, as brokers often charge a fee or markup for overnight swaps). If the interest rate is higher in the country whose currency you are selling, as is the case in this example (4.25 > 3.5), storage will be deducted from your account.

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